Its demand for exclusive adherence, and conversions of whole households, also contributed to its strength. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: Early Christianity. Main article: Origins of Christianity. See also: Historical background of the New Testament. See also: Gospels. Main articles: Historical Jesus and Quest for the historical Jesus. Main article: Apostolic Age. See also: Classical antiquity. Main article: Jewish Christian.
Read PDF The Story So Far: A Short Account of the Very Long History of the Christian Church
Main articles: Apostolic Age and Christianity in the 1st century. See also: Great Commission and Early centers of Christianity. Main article: Split of early Christianity and Judaism. Main articles: Ante-Nicene Period , Christianity in the 2nd century , and Christianity in the 3rd century. Main article: Diversity in early Christian theology.
Main articles: Proto-orthodox Christianity and Ecclesiology. See also: Early centers of Christianity. Christianity portal History portal. Some English translations of the New Testament capitalize 'the Way' e. Only one is mentioned in the Synoptics.
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Both outlines are plausible, but a ministry of more than two years leaves more questions unanswered than does one of a few months. The term seems to have passed from an original local and chiefly political sense, in which it was used as early as BC, to a technical and religious meaning in the Judaism of the New Testament epoch. Once the "gentile Christian" trend won out, and the teaching of Paul became accepted as expressing the doctrine of the Church , the Jewish Christian groups were pushed to the margin and ultimately excluded as heretical.
Being rejected both by normative Judaism and the Church, they ultimately disappeared. Nevertheless, several Jewish Christian sects such as the Nazarenes , Ebionites , Elchasaites , and others existed for some time, and a few of them seem to have endured for several centuries.
Some sects saw in Jesus mainly a prophet and not the "Christ," others seem to have believed in him as the Messiah, but did not draw the christological and other conclusions that subsequently became fundamental in the teaching of the Church the divinity of the Christ, trinitarian conception of the Godhead , abrogation of the Law. After the disappearance of the early Jewish Christian sects and the triumph of gentile Christianity, to become a Christian meant, for a Jew, to apostatize and to leave the Jewish community.
Peterson , "Christianus. The Cambridge History of Christianity. Cambridge University Press. Jesus: Apocalyptic Prophet of the New Millennium. Oxford University Press, Orthodoxy and Heresy in Earliest Christianity. Gorgias Press LLC. Retrieved 28 October Retrieved 6 October Continuum International Publishing Group.
Church History Tells Stories of Extraordinary Pioneer Youth
Retrieved 26 October Likewise in Antioch and the other provinces, let the Churches retain their privileges. And this is to be universally understood, that if any one be made bishop without the consent of the Metropolitan, the great Synod has declared that such a man ought not to be a bishop The Rise of Christianity. Princeton: Princeton University Press Greek Resurrection Beliefs and the Success of Christianity.
New York: Palgrave Macmillan Retrieved 5 April Barclay, William. The Apostles' Creed. Westminster John Knox Press Berard, Wayne Daniel. Cowley Publications The Romans: From Village to Empire.
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Oxford University Press Bockmuehl, Markus N. The Cambridge Companion to Jesus. Cambridge University Press Bokenkotter, Thomas He also attempted to consolidate Christianity throughout his vast empire. He persuaded many eminent scholars to come to his court and established a new library of Christian and classical works. Charlemagne died in His successors lacked his vision and authority, and his empire did not long outlive him. Search term:. Read more. This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets CSS enabled.
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While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets CSS if you are able to do so. The full biography became possible after a substantial cache of new documentation emerged about Engenas and the ZCC in the last few years.
The Lekganyanes were ordinary members of a small Pedi chieftaincy living in the hills east of Polokwane. They lived on land owned by German missionaries, and Engenas grew up as a Lutheran before a political disagreement erupted over a land dispute between the mission and the tribe. In the late s the young Engenas was educated by Xhosa Presbyterian missionaries brought in to replace the Lutherans.
So Engenas had a very orthodox Protestant background and education. He eventually became a migrant worker, leaving home to work in nearby Tzaneen and faraway Boksburg on municipal construction projects.
During these years he first joined Pentecostal or Zionist churches. But he was expelled from Tzaneen by the Protestant chief. Returning home in at the age of 30 he began his own church with 14 members. Within 10 years he had followers and began the ZCC following a vision he had at the top of Mt Thabakgone, a now sacred hill adjacent to his village. After a legal dispute involving the stillbirth of his illegitimate child, Lekganyane was expelled by his chief in He lived on private land thereafter, carefully maintaining his autonomy and privacy.
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Lekganyane was initially inspired by an Australian faith healer named John Alexander Dowie. He took most of his theology from the then white-led Apostolic Faith Mission a Pentecostal group he belonged to from to He incorporated many syncretic practices taken from African tradition.
The most important of these was to incorporate ancestral worship into his church, a practice that he adopted from an early Zionist named Daniel Nkonyane. ZCC members were expected to make cash offerings to their ancestors, which they gave to Lekganyane so that he could intercede on their behalf.
He also reputedly protected his members against witchcraft, crime and disease.